How to Create A PDF File using Python

Updated December 24, 2023


The Adobe Portable Document Format (PDF) format is the preferred format for preserving visually appealing and text-rich material when it comes to document sharing. Most of the time, a specific program is required to access online and existing PDF files. For many important digital publications, these days, Portable Document Format (PDF) files are necessary. Numerous companies utilize new PDF files to produce official documents and invoices. Developers often employ PDF document-generating libraries to meet specific customer requirements for creating PDF files.

The development of contemporary libraries has facilitated the process of creating PDFs, PDF page, and encrypted PDFs. When selecting the appropriate library for a project that necessitates the creation of PDFs, consider the build, read, and conversion features for optimal outcomes and smooth integration. An existing PDF file or PDF document and new file can be parsed using Python. In this article, we are going to use IronPDF Python for making a PDF creator that helps to create a PDF file and embed images.

How to Create a PDF File using Python

  1. Create a new project in Pycharm
  2. Install IronPDF Python library to create PDF files with multiple pages
  3. Import the IronPDF library in the code
  4. Use a method like RenderUrlAsPdf, RenderHtmlAsPdf, or RenderHtmlFileAsPdf to create PDF files
  5. To save the PDF file to the local directory, use SaveAs


Python is a programming language that helps developers design graphical user interfaces with JPEG images quickly and easily. It offers programmers greater dynamism than other languages provide. Because of this, integrating the IronPDF library with Python is a straightforward process that helps create PDF.

Developers can rapidly and safely design a fully functional GUI by utilizing several pre-installed tools, including PyQt, wxWidgets, Kivy, and countless other packages and libraries. Remember that IronPDF isn't just a Python PDF library; instead, it allows you to integrate features from other frameworks, like .NET Core.

IronPDF makes Python web design and development easier, partly because of the widespread use of Python web development paradigms like Django, Flask, and Pyramid. Several popular websites and online services, such as Reddit, Mozilla, and Spotify, employ these frameworks. Further information about Python in the project is available on the IronPDF Python page.

Features of IronPDF

  • ASPX, HTML, HTML5, and Razor/MVC View are among the formats from which IronPDF may generate PDF files. It can convert pictures and HTML pages to PDF files.
  • With the IronPDF toolkit, you can convert PDF files, work with interactive forms, extract text and images, search text within PDF files, rasterize PDFs to images, alter font sizes, and build interactive PDFs.
  • IronPDF allows HTTP headers, proxies, cookies, user agents, and shape variables; it also simplifies HTML login form validation.
  • Access to protected documents in IronPDF is granted to users with usernames and passwords.
  • IronPDF uses only a few lines of code to create PDF files and enables printing from a wide range of sources, such as strings, streams, URLs, and more.

To read more about the IronPDF documentation on how to create a PDF, click here.

Setup Python

Environment Setup

Make sure your machine is configured for Python. Proceed to the official Python website, download, and install the most recent version of Python that works with your operating system. Install Python first. Then, create a virtual environment to divide up your project's requirements. Utilizing the "venv" module, create and manage virtual environments to provide your conversion project with a tidy and independent workspace.

New Project in Pycharm

Pycharm, an IDE for writing Python code, will be utilized in this talk.

Select "New Project" after launching the Pycharm IDE.

How to Create a PDF File using Python: Figure 1 - PyCharm

Selecting "New Project," which opens a new window, allows you to specify the project's location and surroundings. This new window is displayed in the snapshot that follows.

How to Create a PDF File using Python: Figure 2 - New Project

Click "Create" to start a new project after choosing the project location and environment route. This will open an application creation window in a new tab. We are going to utilize Python 3.9 for this course.

How to Create a PDF File using Python: Figure 3 -

IronPDF Library Requirement

IronPDF, a Python library, mostly makes use of .NET 6.0. IronPDF Python thus requires the .NET 6.0 runtime to be installed on your machine. Before using this Python module, users of Linux and Mac may need to install .NET. The required runtime environment can be found on the .NET website.

IronPDF Library Setup

It is necessary to install the "IronPDF" package to create, edit, and open files ending in ".pdf". To install the package, open a terminal window in PyCharm and type the following command:

 pip install ironpdf

The 'IronPDF' package setup can be seen in the screenshot underneath.

How to Create a PDF File using Python: Figure 4 - Install IronPDF

Create PDF with IronPDF

We can write PDF files in three different ways:

  1. Creating PDF files by using a URL.
  2. Converting a string of HTML into a PDF.
  3. Using an HTML file to write a PDF.

For all three methods, the import line import ironpdf is utilized. By importing the IronPDF library, you can use its features in your code.

from ironpdf import *

Creating PDF files by using a URL

To quickly and simply make a PDF document, create an HTML file from a URL and use IronPDF to convert it to PDF format. HTML content can be downloaded and retrieved by using an integrated Chrome browser with IronPDF. Use the following code to make PDF files automatically:

renderer = ChromePdfRenderer()

It is possible to convert the URL into a document and create a PDF file. The created PDF file can then be saved to a specified location. Below is the outcome of the code above.

How to Create a PDF File using Python: Figure 5 - PDF Image

Converting a string of HTML into a PDF

With IronPDF, HTML strings can be converted to PDF documents. The code provided below shows an example of turning an HTML string into a document. It shows the possible conversions of each HTML element to a PDF file.

from ironpdf import *     renderer = ChromePdfRenderer()
renderer.RenderHtmlAsPdf("<h1>Hello world!!</h1>").SaveAs("sample.pdf")

Utilizing the RenderHtmlAsPdf function to translate HTML is demonstrated by the provided example code. It allows any number of HTML pages to be converted into PDF strings. The created PDF files can, if desired, be saved to a specific location by utilizing the "Save As" option.

Using an HTML file to write a PDF

IronPDF can be used to convert HTML files to PDF files. We can see how to produce documents with IronPDF by looking at the following sample HTML code. With IronPDF, you can also generate PDF files from any HTML element. PDF files can also be created with an HTML string.


As demonstrated in the accompanying sample, an HTML file can be converted using the RenderHtmlFileAsPdf method. It allows the various HTML pages in the file to be translated into a string representation. With the code above, creating a PDF file and saving it to the appropriate location is easy.

How to Create a PDF File using Python: Figure 6 - Output File

We can use the password-protected files by the library to create an encrypted PDF file. To learn more and get more specifics, please visit the IronPDF tutorial, which can be found here.


IronPDF provides strong security mechanisms to reduce threats and ensure data protection. This program works with all widely used browsers and is open-source. IronPDF makes it easy for programmers to create and read PDF files with a few lines of code. To accommodate the various needs of developers, the IronPDF library provides several licensing choices, including a free developer license and several downloadable development licenses.

The $749 Lite bundle offers upgrade choices in addition to a permanent license, a year of software support, and a 30-day money-back guarantee. Following the first purchase, no more costs are incurred. These licenses are used in development, staging, and production environments. IronPDF offers free licensing with time and redistribution limitations. During the trial period, users can assess the solution in real-world circumstances without a watermark. Please see the IronPDF website for further details regarding the price and licensing of the trial version. To know about other products offered by Iron Software check the link here.

pdftotext Python (Developer Tutorial)
How to Watermark A PDF File in Python

Ready to get started? Version: 2024.5 just released

Free pip Install View Licenses >