Published August 3, 2023
How to Extract Specific Text From PDF in Python
When it comes to document sharing and data processing, the Adobe-created Portable Document Format (PDF) file is crucial for preserving the integrity of text-rich and aesthetically beautiful content. To access online PDF documents, a particular program with required modules is typically required. In the modern era, PDF files are required for many significant digital publications. For the creation of professional papers and invoices, many businesses use PDF data files. To suit certain customer requirements such as extracting data, developers frequently use PDF document creation libraries.
The evolution of contemporary libraries has made PDF creation and extracting text easier. In order to achieve seamless integration and top performance, it is essential to take the build, read, extract data from PDF file and conversion capabilities into account while choosing the proper library for a project involving PDF generation. Python can be used to parse an existing PDF and extract page text from it. There are various Python libraries that are available. IronPDF is a powerful library that can extract text and images from PDF files, among other things.
In this article, we are going to extract text elements from PDF documents with the help of the IronPDF Python library.
Python is a programming language that makes it simple and quick for developers to create graphical user interfaces. Compared to other languages, Python is also much more dynamic for programmers. Because of this, adding the IronPDF library to Python is a simple process. A multitude of pre-installed tools, including PyQt, wxWidgets, Kivy, and many additional packages and Python libraries, can be used to rapidly and securely build a fully complete GUI. IronPDF incorporates Python and also allows us to integrate features from other frameworks, such as .NET Core.
IronPDF makes web development easier. The main reason for this is the widespread adoption of Python web development paradigms like Django, Flask, and Pyramid. Reddit, Mozilla, and Spotify are just a few of the websites and online services that have used these frameworks.
2.1 IronPDF Features
- With IronPDF, PDF files may be created from a variety of sources, including HTML, HTML5, ASPX, and Razor/MVC View. It offers the ability to convert HTML pages and images into PDF files.
- Creating interactive PDFs, completing and submitting interactive forms, merging and dividing PDF files, extracting text and images, searching text within PDF files, rasterizing PDFs to images, changing font sizes, natural language processing using ChatGPT and converting PDF pages property are just a few of the activities that the IronPDF toolkit can help with.
- IronPDF offers HTML login form validation with support for user-agents, proxies, cookies, HTTP headers, and form variables.
- IronPDF uses usernames and passwords to provide users access to protected documents.
- With just a few lines of code, we can print a PDF file from a variety of sources, including a string, stream, or URL.
3.0 Setup Python
3.1 Environment Configuration
Make sure Python is set up on your computer. To download and install the most recent version of Python compatible with your operating system, go to the official Python website. Create a virtual environment once Python is installed to separate the needs for your project. Create and manage virtual environments with the venv module to give your conversion project a tidy, separate workplace.
3.2 New Initiative in PyCharm
For this demonstration, we'll use PyCharm, an IDE for developing Python code.
After starting the PyCharm IDE, select "New Project".
A new window will open when you choose "New Project," allowing you to set the project's location and environment. This might be seen in the image below.
After choosing the project location and environment path, click the "Create" button to begin a new project. The program can then be created in a new window that will open as a result. For this lesson, Python 3.9 is being used.
3.3 IronPDF Library Requirement
Python library IronPDF largely uses .NET 6.0. As a result, the .NET 6.0 runtime must be installed on your computer in order to use IronPDF Python. It might be necessary to install .NET before this Python module can be used by Linux and Mac users. Visit this page to get the needed runtime environment.
3.4 IronPDF Library Setup
To generate, modify, and open files with the ".pdf" extension, the "ironpdf" package must be installed. Open a terminal window and enter the following command to install the package in PyCharm:
The installation of the
ironpdf package is shown in the screenshot below.
4.0 Extract specific data from PDF file
We can also extract text from PDF files with the help of the IronPDF libraries. IronPDF offers a number of text extraction methods. The first method entails retrieving the entire page's content as a single string. The second strategy entails going over the content page by page, beginning with the first page. Existing PDF files can be investigated using the IronPDF library. The snippet of code that follows shows how to use IronPDF to inspect live PDF files.
We have two options for extracting information from a PDF:
- Page-by-page extraction from the PDF
- Converting the entire PDF to text
The PDF file we'll be using for this article is available below.
4.1 Page per page extraction from the PDF
The example code supplied below shows how to obtain data from a PDF file using the page number.
from ironpdf import * # # PDF object pdf = PdfDocument.FromFile('F:\\PDF\\Extract.pdf') # # Extract text from PDF document all_text = pdf.ExtractTextFromPage(0) for _data in all_text.split('\n'): if('Name' in _data): print(_data)
The code snippet shows how to read a PDF file and build a PDF object using the
FromFile function. We may access the PDF's text and photos using this object. By passing the page number as a parameter to the
ExtractTextFromPage function, we may retrieve the text from a specific page. A string containing all the words on the chosen page will be returned by this method. Then, we use the
split function in Python to split all the new lines from the extracted text. After that, we check whether each line in the extracted text contains the keywords that we need to find. If the keyword matches, it will display the specific line in the command prompt. Otherwise, it will ignore that line and move on to the next line. The output for text extraction will appear as shown below.
4.2 Converting the entire PDF to text
The following code sample demonstrates the first method for quickly and simply getting all the PDF content as a string.
pdf = PdfDocument.FromFile('F:\\PDF\\Extract.pdf') # # Extracting texts from PDF document all_text = pdf.ExtractAllText() for _data in all_text.split('\n'): if('Name' in _data): print(_data)
The example code above demonstrates how to use the
FromFile function to read a PDF from an existing file path and convert it into a PDF file object. As a result, we can use this PDF reader object to see the text and images in the PDF. The object's
ExtractAllText function will be used to extract data from PDF into a plain text, convert it to a string, and use the similar logic like the above to find the specific keyword to display the result in the terminal. Results are displayed as follows.
The above code/output shows that the given PDF document contains both the name and age, but the result shows only the name available in the PDF document.
Strong security mechanisms are offered by the IronPDF library to reduce threats and guarantee data safety. It is not restricted to any one browser and is compatible with all widely used ones. With just a few lines of code, programmers can quickly produce and read PDF files using IronPDF. The IronPDF library offers a range of licensing options, including a free developer license and extra development licenses that are available for purchase, to meet the diverse demands of developers.
A perpetual license, a 30-day money-back guarantee, a year of software maintenance, and upgrade options are included in the Lite package. These licenses can be used all environments. Additionally, IronPDF provides free licenses with some redistribution restrictions. A 30-day trial license allows users can evaluate the product without a watermark.
Please view the available IronPDF Licenses for more information about commercial licensing.